Collectio Lacensis 7 vols. The cardinal legateLorenzo Campeggioopposed a council, convinced that the Protestants were not honest in demanding it. New materials were brought to light by J. The strained relations which appeared anew between pope and emperor, and the war between Charles V and Francis Iled to another prorogation 6 July, Paul III did not want this as reforms could financially damage him and concessions could diminish his authority.
The first issue was by Paulus Manutius Rome, Neither is this to be omitted,-that although, in the sacred writings, so much is attributed to good works, that Christ promises, that even he that shall give a drink of cold water to one of his least ones, shall not lose his reward; and the Apostle testifies that, That which is at present momentary and light of our tribulation, worketh for us above measure exceedingly an eternal weight of glory; nevertheless God forbid that a Christian should either trust or glory in himself, and not in the Lord, whose bounty towards all men is so great, that He will have the things which are His own gifts be their merits.
Although evangelical sentiments were uttered by some of the members in favour of the supreme authority of the Scriptures and justification by faith, no concession whatsoever was made to Protestantism. Meanwhile the Protestant princes refused to withdraw from the position they had taken up.
And for this cause, the just themselves ought to feel themselves the more obligated to walk in the way of justice, in that, being already freed from sins, but made servants of God, they are able, living soberly, justly, and godly, to proceed onwards through Jesus Christ, by whom they have had access unto this grace.
Therefore instead of this formula the additional phrase "oecumenica et generalis" was proposed and accepted by nearly all the bishops. Representatives of Charles V and Ferdinand I also laboured to hasten the council.
The council then laid the groundwork for future declarations: And this delay we granted the more readily, because each of the princes promised us to send an ambassador to us at Rome; in order that those things which were necessary for the perfect re-establishment of peace,--all of which could not, on account of the shortness of the time, be completed at Nice,--might be treated of and negotiated more conveniently at Rome in our presence.
Meantime, the Protestant princes did not agree to abandon their doctrines. In opposition also to the subtle wits of certain men, who, by pleasing speeches and good words, seduce the hearts of the innocent, it is to be maintained, that the received grace of Justification is lost, not only by infidelity whereby even faith itself is lost, but also by any other mortal sin whatever, though faith be not lost; thus defending the doctrine of the divine law, which excludes from the kingdom of God not only the unbelieving, but the faithful also who are fornicators, adulterers, effeminate, liers with mankind, thieves, covetous, drunkards, railers, extortioners, and all others who commit deadly sins; from which, with the help of divine grace, they can refrain, and on account of which they are separated from the grace of Christ.
The assembly proved to the world that notwithstanding repeated apostasy in church life there still existed in it an abundance of religious force and of loyal championship of the unchanging principles of Christianity.
Rome positively rejected the German national council, but did not absolutely object to holding a general council. Cardinals Gonzaga and Seripandowho were of the number of cardinal legatesdied.
The council appointed, in eighteenth sessiona commission to prepare a list of forbidden books Index Librorum Prohibitorumbut it later left the matter to the Pope. Instead, the decree states that Christ is "really, truly, substantially present" in the consecrated forms.The Ecumenical Council of Trent has proved to be of the greatest importance for the development of the inner life of the Church.
No council has ever had to accomplish its task under more serious difficulties, none has had so many questions of the greatest importance to decide. Council of Trent, 19th ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church, held in three parts from to Prompted by the Reformation, the Council of Trent was highly important for its sweeping decrees on self-reform and for its dogmatic definitions that clarified virtually every doctrine contested by the Protestants.
Pope who called the 1st session of the Council of Trent. Pope Paul III. Transubstantiation means. the bread and wine are substantially changed at the Consecration of the Mass to become the Body and Blood of Christ, although the.
Council of Trent was the 19th Ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church. Important members of the Catholic Church met in Trento three times between December 13,and December 4,as a reaction to the Protestant Reformation.
The Council of Trent played an important part in determining the outcome of theCounter-Reformation.
Along with the part played by the Jesuits and certain individuals, the Council of Trent was a central feature of the Counter-Reformation. The Council of Trent condemned the errors of the Protestant Revolters, and shone as a beacon to all the world.
Its clear doctrines, authoritative pronouncements, and overall influence, has rightfully gained The Council of Trent its title as the greatest council in .Download