Ethnic and racial group overview

For instance, intense sunlight in tropical latitudes has selected for darker skin color as a protection from intense ultraviolet radiation. In contrast, some ethnic groups are coherent subcultures with a shared language and body of tradition.

Ethnic group

Certainly, obvious physical differences—some of which are inherited—exist between humans. Which of these people do you think is Hispanic?

The Greeks at this time did not describe foreign nations but had also developed a concept of their own "ethnicity", which they grouped under the name of Hellenes. Instead of explaining the marginalized status of people of color in the United States with an inherent biological inferiority, he instead said that it was a failure to assimilate into American culture that held people back.

According to Donald Noel, a sociologist who developed a theory on the origin of ethnic stratification, ethnic stratification is a "system of stratification wherein some relatively fixed group membership e. Hall observes, World War II was a turning point in the ethnic studies. According to Donald Noel, ethnic stratification will emerge only when specific ethnic groups are brought into contact with one another, and only when those groups are characterized by a high degree of ethnocentrism, competition, and differential power.

Which of our group identities is most important varies with the social situation. Park in the s. Newly arrived immigrant groups often fit this pattern. The most common characteristics distinguishing various ethnic groups are ancestry, a sense of history, language, religion, and forms of dress.

In some cases, ethnicity involves merely a loose group identity with little or no cultural traditions in common. The Center, now an Institute, serves to continue the legacy of the former Office of Research on Minority Health in support of minority health issues, and to further lead, coordinate, support, and assess the NIH effort to reduce and ultimately eliminate health disparities.


The inherited English language term for this concept is folkused alongside the latinate people since the late Middle English period. A problem with this view on ethnicity is that it is more often than not the case that mythic origins of specific ethnic groups directly contradict the known biological history of an ethnic community.

The pioneering English anthropologist Edward Tylor may have been the first scientist to understand this fact and to state it in print. Ethnic groups may be either a minority or a majority in a population.

Race and Ethnicity Defined

It holds that ethnic groups are only products of human social interaction, maintained only in so far as they are maintained as valid social constructs in societies. Click the button to see if you are correct.

They believe that biological inheritance determines much of cultural identity.

Look at them carefully An example of a racial category is Asian or Mongoloidwith its associated facial, hair color, and body type features. Examples of a perennialist interpretation of ethnicity are also found in Barth, and Seidner who see ethnicity as ever-changing boundaries between groups of people established through ongoing social negotiation and interaction.

Ethnicity refers to selected cultural and sometimes physical characteristics used to classify people into groups or categories considered to be significantly different from others. The term ethnic group was first recorded in and entered the Oxford English Dictionary in Social Movements Race and Ethnicity Defined The term race refers to groups of people who have differences and similarities in biological traits deemed by society to be socially significant, meaning that people treat other people differently because of them.

However, numerous definitions exist for the term health disparity.Jul 05,  · Overview. The goal of this Race and ethnic group labels in America are not clearly based on criteria that everyone understand, agree with, and can easily use.

As a result, someone else may label you in a way that you consider inaccurate and very offensive. U.S. CENSUS BUREAU. Overview of Race and Hispanic Origin: Census Briefs. By. Racial and ethnic popula-tion group distributions and growth at the national level and at lower levels of geography are presented.

This report also provides an overview. of race and ethnicity concepts and defi-nitions used in the Census. The. Overview of Race, Ethnicity, and Crime. SECTION HIGHLIGHTS • The Concepts of Race and Ethnicity This section provides a discussion of the experiences of various racial and ethnic groups.

In addition to racial and ethnic minorities, the section also reviews the process through which many: White ethnics: followed on the path to. Health disparities research is a multidisciplinary and translational research field that addresses significant health differences in disease incidence and prevalence, and morbidity, mortality, or survival rates, as observed in population groups, including racial and ethnic minority groups, rural populations, and groups who experience social and.

The term race refers to groups of people who have differences and similarities in biological traits deemed by society to be Race and Ethnicity Defined.

The most common characteristics distinguishing various ethnic groups are ancestry, a sense of history, language, religion, and forms of dress. Ethnic differences are not inherited. While I have always believed myself to be reasonably educated about racial diversity, and non-prejudice against those who come from different ethnic backgrounds than my own, this course has taught me that there is much more to the history and reality of Americas struggle to overcome the all too real problem that is prejudice and discrimination.

Ethnic and racial group overview
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