Our eating behaviours and attitudes to food, can be down to observing the behaviour of our parents. Therefore, not all children can be generalised to prefer sweets.
Moreover, it is culturally biased. Social Learning Theory places emphasis on the impact that observing other people i. It could be argued that exposure to a disliked food can sometimes cause psychological harm as the child may have associated a traumatizing experience with their disliked food.
There are some methodological issues surrounding this study. Therefore it has a gender bias. Moreover, individual differences are likely to pose a problem- some may simply prefer popcorn. Social Learning Theory in terms of eating behaviour and attitudes states that these are observed and imitated from our parents.
However, with that being environmental factors also play a huge role in eating behaviours and food preferences. Brown and Ogden found correlations between parents and their children in terms of snack food intake, eating motivation and body dissatisfaction. This may reduce the internal validity of the study.
One criticism of the Social Learning Theory is that it focuses solely on learning eating behaviours through observation of others. Verplanken et al conducted a correlational analysis on mood, impulse buying and the consumption of snacks.
However, some children dislike sweets and prefer vegetables.
Familiarity - learning Benton argues that children have a preference for sweet foods such as sweets due to umami and their taste qualities.
Alternatively, another factor to explain our eating behaviour is cultural influences. It can be argued that this is one…. In both conditions, grapes and popcorn were provided as snacks. It may be that impulse buying causes a lowered mood.
However, some children have pester power and tell their parents what they would like to eat and their parents abide by those guidelines instead of making their own rules.
This has real world applications in patients suffering from bipolar- a mood disorder- who are likely to be overweight and are prescribed mood altering drugs such as lithium. Moreover, in all cultures, food is subject to availability and our preferences depend on this and could be shaped by this.
When glucose levels are low, the lateral hypothalamus is activate which produces hunger. This suggests that studies which are only carried out on women are providing a limited view of attitudes to food and eating behaviour. However, Birch can be criticized for ignoring nature such as biology aspects of food preferences which do exist, it is not just purely the environment, that children are reared in, that influences their preference for particular foods.
Parental influence Parents can influence what their children eat as they choose and provide the food their children. This can be linked to operant conditioning, specifically the idea of systematic desensitization whereby exposure to a feared stimulus can condition the child to begin to like the feared food.
However, challenging research with regards to ethnicity comes from Mumford et al who found more body dissatisfaction among Asian schoolgirls, than white counterparts.
Jan Essay Question: For example, a biological explanation suggests the brain plays an important role in the control of appetite. Ball and Kennedy followed not literally! However this is reductionist.
When moving to Australia, their specific culture may have an effect on eating behaviour, though this might not be the same when moving to Europe, for example.
To combat this, perhaps a repeated measures design would have been more appropriate, as participants are likely not to ascertain the study because the dependent variable is not particularly out of the ordinary.
We will write a custom essay sample on Discuss factors and attitudes influencing eating behaviour or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not Waste. This explains why children tend to detest vegetables and instead prefer sweet foods. This is said to be because carbohydrates help the manufacture of serotonin neurotransmitter associated with mood.
These are attributed to the male gay subculture acting as an influence as it places particular emphasis on a lean and athletic body image. The social learning theory also predicts that media has an influence on eating behaviour; Macintyre et al found that the media can affect what we eat, as well as our attitudes towards certain foods.
However, healthy eating can be affected by sociocultural factors such as age and income. Garcia concluded that the calorific, sweet food jolted the person into a state of euphoria, whilst those already in a good mood chose healthy snacks to prolong their good mood.
In this study, it was found that those with low self-esteem were more likely to impulse buy and consume snacks.Read this essay on Factors Influencing Attitudes to Food. Come browse our large digital warehouse of free sample essays.
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